Diccionario Histórico-Crítico del Marxismo

un proyecto del Instituto de Teoría Crítica de Berlín

  • HKWM  International

    Deutsch English

  • «From the rubble of history, the valiant intellectual labours of Das Argument and the Historisch-Kritisches Wörterbuch des Marxismus are constructing a veritable Library of Alexandria, for the Left to come.»

    Susan Watkins
    New Left Review, London

  • hkwm7-1-s

  • KH Link KLEIN


  • Nueva publicación!

  • Ciência marxista do sujeito

  • Ciencia Marxista del sujeto

  • selected writings of klaus holzkamp

  • Anuncios:

  • Llamada de apoyo al DCHM. El carácter colectivo del DHCM se expresa tanto en su autoría como en su financiación. Muy pronto irá a impresión el vol. 9/I (de Machinerie a Mitbestimmung), y les invitamos a unírsenos financiando una o más de sus páginas. [+]

  • Ir arriba

Archive for the »Artículos on-line en inglés«

Imprimir

Hegemonic Apparatus

Abrir en formato PDF

Este artículo aún no está disponible en formato html. Se pone a disposición su versión en formato pdf (pulsar botón «pdf»).


Imprimir

Grammar

Abrir en formato PDF

A: ğuġrāfiyā siyāsīya. — F: géopolitique. — G: geopolik. — R: geopolitika. — S: geopolítica. — C: diyuan zhengzhixue.

Before the «linguistic turn» that marked many fields of study in the twentieth century, Gramsci understood that grammar as the underlying structure that makes languages possible is an important political issue, both as a regulative social institution and a key element in philosophical questions of thought and knowledge. Indeed, Gramsci dedicated his last prison notebook (Q 29) to grammar. There his discussion of the politics of grammar can also be seen as a grammar of politics, as a metaphorical examination of the dynamics of hegemony. Read the rest of this entry »

Imprimir

Geopolitics

Abrir en formato PDF

A: ğuġrāfiyā siyāsīya. — F: géopolitique. — G: geopolik. — R: geopolitika. — S: geopolítica. — C: diyuan zhengzhixue.

The term «geopolitics» was formalised by the Swedish constitutional lawyer Rudolf Kjellen (1864-1922) and systematically developed and raised to a doctrine of international relations by Karl Haushofer (1869-1946) during the period of Europe’s intensifying interstate rivalries after the turn of the century. It had the objective of emphasising the primary determination of the political by space. Since the 1970s, it is supposed to capture in its formally neutralised version «power struggles over territories for the purpose of political control over space» (Lacoste 1993). Read the rest of this entry »

Imprimir

Gender Relations

Abrir en formato PDF

A: al-‘alāqāt baina al-ğinsain. — G: Geschlechterverhältnisse. — F: rapports (sociaux) de genre. — R: polovye / gėndernye otnošenija. — S: relaciones de los sexos. — C: xingbie qingkuang.

«Gender relations» is a common expression in many fields of research, yet it is hardly ever clearly defined in conceptual terms. It is therefore necessary to clarify the concept of «gender relations» itself while discussing different versions of it. The concept should be suitable for critically investigating the structural role that genders play in social relations in their totality. It presupposes that which is a result of the relations to be investigated: the existence of «genders» in the sense of historically given men and women. Complementarity in procreation is the natural basis upon which what has come to be regarded as «natural» has been socially constituted in the historical process. In this way, genders emerge from the social process as unequal. Read the rest of this entry »

Imprimir

Fable

Abrir en formato PDF

Este artículo aún no está disponible en formato html. Se pone a disposición su versión en formato pdf (pulsar botón «pdf»).

Imprimir

Epistemology

Abrir en formato PDF

A: ibīstīmūlūğīya.G: Epistemologie.F: épistémologie.R: epistemolgija.S: epistemología.C: renshilun.

1. Epistemology is a neologism derived from the Greek episteme [knowledge]. «It translates the German concept Wissenschaftslehre, which was used by Fichte and Bolzano for different projects before it was taken up again by Husserl» (Fichant 1975, 118). J.F. Ferrier coined the word on the model of «ontology», to designate that branch of philosophy – affirmed to be the latter’s «true beginning» – which answers the general question «What is Knowledge?» (1856, 48 et sq.).

It passed into French as epistémologie, with, however, a generally narrower meaning than the original (the import of which is covered by «theory of knowledge [theorie de la connaissance ]». Thus Emile Meyerson opened his Identity and Reality (1908) with the remark that the word «is becoming current» as equivalent to «the philosophy of the sciences [philosophie des sciences] ».

However, it is not always clear whether the latter expression is meant to cover (like the English «philosophy of science») not only «second order» questions about scientific knowledge, both «formal» (e.g. about the nature of scientific theories in general) or «categorial» (e.g. about causation) but also «first order» ones about the content of specific theories (e.g. regarding the concept of time in statistical mechanics).

In German, the meaning of epistemology is conveyed by Erkenntnistheorie Read the rest of this entry »

Imprimir

Earth

Abrir en formato PDF

A: arḍ. G: Erde. F: term. R: zemlja, Zemllja. S: tierra. C: diqiu.

1. In classical political economy the concept of earth (or soil) was identified with what Adam Smith called «the powers of nature, the use of which the landlord lends to the farmer.» Rent, Smith contended, was «greater or smaller according to the extent of those powers, or in other words, according to the supposed natural or improved fertility of the land» (Smith 1937, 344-5). David Ricardo defined rent as «that portion of the produce of the earth, which is paid to the landlord for the use of the original and indestructible powers of the soil» (Ricardo 1951, 67). Land – the fertility of which could be attributed to the natural powers of the earth or soil – was distinguished, in the writings of Ricardo and other classical political economists such as J.B. Say and John Stuart Mill, by the fact that it was the only «natural aid» to production that entered into the formation of prices. Read the rest of this entry »

Imprimir

Domestic-Labour Debate

Abrir en formato PDF
A: al-mas’ala al-ğauharīya fī al-falsafa. — G: Hausarbeitsdebatte. — F: débat sur le travail ménager. — R: diskussia o domasney rabote. — S: debate sobre el trabajo doméstico. — C: zhexu de genben wenti.

The «domestic-labour debate» was one of the important controversies within Second, Wave feminism. In the late 1960s, North-American and British women’s liberationists, mostly socialist-feminist in political perspective, launched an inquiry into «domestic labour». In their usage, the term referred to the unpaid house-work and child-care performed in private family households by women family members, especially wives and mothers. Theorising domestic labour and its relationship to the reproduction of labour-power would be key, these feminists thought, to understanding women’s subordination from a simultaneously feminist and Marxist perspective. Read the rest of this entry »

Imprimir

Dialectics

Abrir en formato PDF

A: djadal, dīyālīktīk. — F: dialectique. — G: Dialektik. — R: dialektika. — S: dialéctica. — C: bianzheng fa.

The «Algebra of Revolution» was the name given to the Hegelian dialectic by Alexander Herzen , and the materialist dialectic is often called, particularly following Lenin, the «living soul» of Marxism. Dialectics is a key to the philosophic thought and the linguistic-aesthetic production of Brecht , who named it the Great Method. What dialectics means is contested, and the dispute concerning dialectics has always been at the same time a struggle over the correct way to proceed. Read the rest of this entry »

Imprimir

Catharsis

Abrir en formato PDF

Este artículo aún no está disponible en formato html. Se pone a disposición su versión en formato pdf (pulsar botón «pdf»).